Public buildings

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Definition and differentiation

Public buildings are all buildings that are partly or completely used by a public institution or organization. Public buildings can additionally be used by private companies (e.g. offices) or for private residential apartments. Many EU-funded projects that have greatly contributed to CESBA focused on public buildings, such as ENERBUILD, CEC5, CABEE, and ViSiBLE.

Role of public buildings

Public buildings should play a role model regarding a sustainable building assessment that is harmonized by CESBA. It is a fact that Europe-wide public buildings are the worst examples concerning energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources. Then again, public buildings should be role models for private and industrial building. Forerunner of sustainable built public buildings can convince private citizens and entrepreneurs of the positive effects of a sustainable built environment.

Types of public buildings

  • Educational buildings
    • Schools
    • Kindergartens
    • Universitiy campus
    • Adult education centres
    • etc.
  • Municipal services
    • Fire station
    • Hospital
    • Police station
  • Administrative buildings
    • Town hall
    • Office/administrative building
    • Community centre
  • Recreational facilities
    • Gym/sports hall
    • etc.
  • Cultural facilities
    • Library
    • Concert hall
    • Theatre
    • Municipal hall
  • Social centres
    • Retirement home
    • Supervised accommodation facilities
    • Children's home
    • etc.
  • Multi-Purpose buildings: All buildings that are used for more than one purpose, such as a kindergarten combined with a station house