AlpStore

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Full project title and funding programme

Full title of project: AlpStore

Funding programme: Alpine Space Programme

Subject

Renewable energy storage and mobility

Schedule and project consortium

Schedule

01.07.2012 – 31.12.2014

Project consortium

Description

Besides intelligent grids, storage systems will be key enablers for a future mostly renewable energy supplied. Electric vehicles (EV) will be integral elements of the future energy system. Their batteries can be charged with excessive power from intermittent energy source and electricity can be fed into the grid to meet peak loads. Beyond short term balancing with EVs, stationary batteries can serve long-term balancing needs. They can give EV batteries a “second life” and improve overall economy of electric mobility. Gas and compressed air will add more choices.

Partners in 7 countries create master plans for the deployment of storages. Pilot tests shows the feasibility of mobile and stationary storage in public infrastructure, business parks, enterprises and smart homes. From there, guidelines for planners and decision makers will be derived.

Problems to be addressed

The Alpine Space is predestined for multifaceted decentralised generation of power from renewable energy sources (RES). Many of those are intermittent and power usage must better adapt to generation.

While demand side management offers limited potential, intelligent storage technologies that can provide for cost- effective buffering in metropolitan as well as scattered habitats. In its Energy Roadmap 2050 the European Commission claims the following:

storage technologies remain critical (...) batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen, which together with smart grids can multiply the benefits of electro-mobility both for decarbonisation of transport and development of RES.

The EU 2020 flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe strives for joint efforts concerning the use of ICT for a smart energy system. The Eurpean commission calls for a fully integrated network planning for distribution, storage and electricity highways and for innovative instruments to finance the necessary in-vestment - including PPP.

The extension of pumped hydro storages meets natural and societal barriers. Other technologies can bring added value to homes, towns and regions. Electric vehicles EV can provide short time balancing. Mobile storage must be combined with stationary storage (battery, gas, hydrogen). In the mobility sector gas vehicles will compete with battery electric traction systems. No realistic storage scenarios taking into account societal, geographic and climatological characteristics of the AS Alpine Space AS have been evaluated so far. There is a lot of uncertainty with decision makers as to the viability of small, medium and large-scale storages.

Objectives

  • Development and publication of STORM concept (smart storage and mobility)
  • To considerate requirements of both scattered habitats and combined business and living habitats in metropolitan areas.
  • Electric mobility: Prove that electric mobility brings improvements for AS connectivity and new business opportunities; Integration into energy system.
  • To provide reliable input to sensitise political and business decision makers for new opportunities in the combined field of mobility and energy provision
  • To communicate: concept involving research and technology transfer institutions and a big group of observer

Actions on low-carbon economy, energy efficiency and nZEBs

  • Investigating challenges and opportunities in the Alpine Space.
  • Developing in common, transnational conceptual model.
  • Developing master plans for every region: visions of joint mobility and energy systems.
  • Case studies describing the process and results of the pilot implementations.
  • Dissemination for decision makers.
  • Dissemination for technical practitioners

Main expected results

  • White book describing generic concept of storage and mobility.
  • Master plans.
  • Applications on storage solutions, RES generation and advanced ICT technology.
  • Implementation plans and local decisions.
  • Joint ICT based platform to manage and visualize data.
  • Scientific feasibility study of tested solutions.

Outputs developed by the project

Outputs

Project strengths and weaknesses

Project strengths

  • Deep analysis of regional background.
  • Broad study of storage technologies benefits. Identification of needs/opportunities to enhance market conditions.
  • Effective promotion of potential energy storage technologies and RES exploitation. High costs and availability of some technologies.

Project weaknesses

  • Different legal frameworks in different countries.
  • User acceptance.
  • Different grid conditions and availability of renewable sources

Contact and homepage

Patrick Ansbacher

p.ansbacher@baumgroup.de

Tel.: +49 89 189 35212

Project homepage

References

ViSiBLE report identification of successes and common challenges of EU-funded projects (2014)